Monday, December 14, 2015

Remembering some words that I've forgotten (bidoyoh) - bidayuh

MOTO: Ponu de' bingon pingidip

After having some chit chat with the fellow elderly people - they remind me some of the words that I've rarely heard these days. Below are some of them that I've re-learned and loosely translated in English. For the record the word bidayuh is not the exactly represent the name of the ethnic tribe but rather BIDOYOH which means people of the land. The term "Doyoh" is actually applicable only when it is viewed as if there there is river or whatever sungi we called it. We use it as in like 'sus maad ke doyoh kanih' someone saying when he is on the river/water which means commanding someone "Please go up to the land there". Doyoh is not the Land as in where to build a house or plant something but an expression of land as in when you coming up from a river, pond, sea etc.

1. Guok guok -- drinking in action or swallow something
2. Klumiang - peeling
3. Pawad - under the kitchen
4. Bak a'os - back of the house
5. Opad oyouk - Pig cage
6. Badad - A type of plant that is sharp and poisonous when it is cut. Getting pierce by it could cause a person getting ill for a few days.
7. Baloh - A type of seed that can cause allergy when contacted to the skin
8. Ngibaluok - A type of fish
9. Being - shrimp paste
10. Ieng smongi - spirit
11.  Tibilon - constipated
12. Magoh - not nice
13. Bogog - tough (liat)
14. Li'ieng - hard with superlative (kinakang) which means when they say li'ieng kinakang it's so hard that nothing can break or penetrate it.

15. Tiboyan / Gimatan = bridge
16. Dungan - A type of fish that have a lot of bones
17. Muliah - A small fish that is resemble to the cat fish
18. Limotak - leech
19. Oluok piín - swirl in the water
20. Biguyut / guyut-guyut - hanging / cause shaking
21. Mabak - to punch through
22. Sugak - to thrust through -- usually to strike downward
23. Masu - going through usually for bridge
24. Madod - stubborn
25. Motas, Maad, Palik, Molik - (going back) almost have the same meaning and can be used interchangeably
26. Timatieg - dripping (as in water)
27. Sinapang bolad / Sinapang gasuoh - not sure kind of gun is this LOL.
28. Plosih - A type of decorative
29. Bond-a - Tempayan
30. Sajua/Juah/Jumuak - don't know how to translate this one hahahaha
31. Pitak - a place to keep padi
32. Nyikoh - to climb
33. Silakow - roof top
34. Boyuh - A type of tree that people can make rope out of the skin
35. Lagak - basket
36. Sokuop - a type of small basket that is use to catch fish
37. Kiou - Cackatoo
38. Lasang - sacred sculpture made of wood where it is decorated by hairs, machete, decorative beads, and animal blood. It is claimed to have spirit to guard the house. This thing is scary during the olden days -- especially when the house is on top of the mountain. There is no electricity but just the moon light "Jawa' bulan" going to pee outside the house.

39. Motieng - something tiny in the middle lolololol
40. Ngasug - something heaty that goes through the nose like eating Japanese wasabi..so when the heat goes through the nose it is call  "Ngasug"
41. Labak - flat land (as in the foot of the mountain)
42. Bung - hilltop (as in top of the mountain) like Bung Jagoi, Bung Bratak, Bung Romin
43. Otug-otug - very calm and quite situation
44. Tikapok - ashes that in the dust form
45. Oruod / Oluot - stubborn as in not lighting up. Like matches of not light up to fire.
46. Tokik ringai - the dust / debris created by the termites
47. Babieg - bad (spoiled) as in bad fruit. Like dién babieg = bad durian
48. Mobus - cool as in cool breeze where the windblows
49. Baop - sheltered as in being sheltered by something like trees against the sunlight
50. Trupuod - termites
51. Olod - worms as in fruit worms that caused something to go bad
52. Tomoh - worms as in earth worms
53. Opuong - worms as in tree worms (eating leaf)
54. Lipapien - centipede
55. Lieng-otis - scorpion
56. Tokak - spider
57. Manuk - bird
58. Pangus - drowned
59. Ubak - flood
60. Kadis - grasshopper
61. Kada / Ngiliwat - bat where bat = smaller bat and ngiliwat = larger bat
62. Glogag / Tigowan = frog where glogag = normal frog and Tigowan = bigger frog
63. Manuk - birds
64. Bikasung - upside down ; bikasung bikarak = a mess of upside down
65. Nguguoh - to shake and drop something down.
66. Gogoh - surprised...
65. Asuol - spear
66. Bikalan - a place to take bath in the river
67. Nguluom - To deep something in the water/soak
68. Sidudui - a type of plant where the branch stem can be used to make fishing rod
69. Bidaluog - noisy
70. Oguong - gong
71. Nagog - pee standing lol
72. Langas - tiny dead branches
73. Kilangas - angry
74. Bodoh - snapping turtle (an amphibian)
75. Bodoh - dry
76. Tikalui - like to cry as in pampered child
77. Ngilojing - Naughty as in naughty/wild girl
78. Lison - a place or a farming area for specific plant - example Lison koluh
79. Tibowang - abandon land
80. Ijuom - barrier as in making gate or barrier to keep pig inside it "Ijuom oyuok"
81. Bika'i - fight
82. To'od - a stump (wood stump)
83. Taas - hard wood (kayu belian)
84. Do'oh - hardwood a very high trees where the bees like to make their nest
85. Silubok - A type of poison use by the shaman to kill someone
89. Bunyuoh - A white powder made of shells
90. Dowon bo'id /pak - Daun sirih
91. Tipotil - thud
92. Bisiong - to rush in group compete to get something
93. Ngibawos - diarrhea
94. Sibungas - starting point
95. Ngilokid - jump
95. Bitatol - Jump repeatedly as in playing jumping games
96. Lukab - subsided as in boat subsided or a plate subsided
97. Bikilod - a swarm of worms feasting on something bad
98. Biratak - to drag something like matak
99. Bingon - side as in on the edge example bingon olan - at the edge/side of the road
100. Kibangoh - to heat up as in heating up food or water on fire.
101. Kimotol kimubuoh - This is one interesting words to describe a body shivering due to illness especially fever
102. Nangui - to swim
103. Ku'uom - sinking
104. Suluom/nyuluom - to dive in the water
105. Bitoko - to commit suicide
106. Kina'oh - not feeling well
107. Jobong - missing something as in feeling of missing someone
108. Sadab - corroded side of the riverbank it's a hollow space under the earth created by running water. It makes sound when wave heating the hollow space.
105. Tiboon - very new
106. Motang nisot - cursing as in saying someone is very crazy
107. Klowong kliouos - cursing as in saying someone is very damn lol...can be used as continuation to the Motang Nisot....for example Motang nisot - klowong kliouos
108. Sadag - a stairway made from wooden block along the pathway to a hilltop or mountain
109. Kangon - something stuck in the throat as in fish bone
110. Baas, Bagak, Ayuh - similar meaning as in Big/Large
111. Gilituong - plastic
112. Logak - summer time
113. Suat - flower as in they blossoming flowers
114. Kibalot - to bring in as in molot = go in
115. Bitabab - to swim
116. Olud - sampan
117. Baa - a type of snakehead fish that live in the fresh water. The color is black with some reddish color on the tail.
118. Jolua - greedy
119. Tikuluok - skull
120. Katuob - to destroy until extinction
121. Mutuob - extincted
122. Galang - little hut
123. Bitabum - to jump down
124. Tiban pijaan - window
125. Bua' Gligua - not sure what it is called in english
126. Musuop - disappear
127. Moyap - Lost as in lost a wallet
128. Bitaak - to compete in riddle
129. Jomow - big machete
130. Lagan - chopping board
132. Gilagan - Being ill up to the state where someone is unable to wakeup for a long period of time
133. Kulap - to peel off as in dead skin
134. Taag - to catch a dropping water using a bucket
135. Ayag - a pipeline made of bamboo
136. Bokah - Plant that grows like a root rolling itself on another tree
137. Monung - bush plant
138. Masog - tasty, delicious
139. Sidik - tasty, delicious
140. Toling/Puti/Buluk - Bamboos but different species where toling is the normal bamboo that we can eat its bamboo shoot. Puti is special bambo that have dust of thorns - having sting by the thorn could cause unbearable itchiness that can be remove only by rolling sticky rice on it. Buluk is the bigger bamboo where we can cook meat or carry water inside it.
141. Oyag - a type of basket to filter powdery things
142. Kuiet/Kupak - to peel usually for fruit skin
143. Kilam'u - rainy seasons
144. Koluob - knee
145. Olok - forehead
146. Bidasuar - to slide
147. Bijuruot - slippery
148. Nolon - swallow
149. Ujak - sliver
150. Ngujak - spit out sliver
151. Modud - same words but two different meaning depending on the situation. Modud = Cold as in cold water and also can be used as in Cold as in fever
152. Monung - bush plant
153. Giligua - a type of fruit
154. Latak - long bean
155. Betek - papaya
156. Tobuh - Sugarcane
157. Muguk/uguk-uguk - protruding as in wound inflammation, hills, etc
158. Tajung - cloth (sarung)
159. Najug - erect as in penis erection
160. Bolu - bowl
161. Lo'i - ginger
162. Umiet - turmeric
163. Umb'ung - bamboo shoot
164. Tikijod - sudden ticklish as in someone poke somebody on the rib
165. Biguwiel - Something move in unstable state as in crooked tires or someone drunk
166. Tumang - falling down
167. Tumang bikadang - falling down as in a person fall down facing upwards
168. Karak - to fold shirt sleeves or fold long pants up
169. Tokik smongi - ear wax
170. Bogog Kokog/Kakag - Very very tough
171. Blasa - Very satisfying
172. Koluh - murky water
173. Kining - clear water
174. Tobah - fermented food (toban ikien - fermented fish)
175. Doot - wild board/hog
176. Gilongan - rainbow
177. Abun - dew or cloud
178. Ladas - shallow
179. Tuluop - deep
180. Libu - deep section of the river and usually it is blue in color because of the depth
181. Bu'an - drop as in dropping something
182. Tipu' - plant Galangal
183. Abuh - stove
184. Silu' - firewood
185. Bongan - hard shell fruit
186. Notok - to cut
187. Bonyih - bees
188. Pi'in Bonyih - Honey from the bees
189. Sobak - wind
190. Ngosiet - rotten to the until it make some juice
191. Tomu' - cekor plant
192. Sagu' - Sago
193. Potok sagu' - Sago latex
194. Mangan - to leave behind
195. Bulu'  Potik - Yellow bamboo species that have stripe
196. Juuk - soup
197. Ju'uok - far
198. Biliah paang - red hot like a color of someone's skin when contracted with sunburn or burning charcoal
199. Bomb'an - a type of plant that is shart when cut and dangerous to get cut by it
200. Likug - Galangal plant
201. Kobuk - medium jar
202. Kadum/Palua - big fish
203. Gawang - crawl
204. Duman - boon
205. Nuluk - make holes to plant padi
206. Mola' - young



Remember this: The puti and baloh can be an ingredient for the silubok (poison) because of its harmful nature. If swallowed into the body can cause severe internal itchiness (allergy) that someone could vomit blood as the lung infected by the allergy. It's effect will not stop in short period of time and eventually and usually caused fatal death to someone who consumed it.

Because the sun or day time is so important in the olden days - the Bidoyoh almost make the perfect time cycle where every angle of the time has a name for it.

1. boton ondu nusak - sunrise
2. boton ondu simuduop - sunset
3. bosow - don't know
4. boton ondu kumiak - near sunset
5. Silik ngumi - evening
6. Uun ondu - mid day
7. Suom pagi - early morning

Gosh/Monster from Bidayuh Folklore

1. Katang katuong
2. Taligasik
3. Bu'ow - gosh with big mouth

Colors and its superlative

1. Siak - Yellow; Siak pogah - Intense yellow
2. Bilieh - Red; Bilieh kodieh - Intense red
3. Bilu - Green or Blue; Bilu kodu - Intense blue
4. Songot - Black; Songot potok - Intense black
5. Mopuk - White; Mopuk suik - Intense white

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